What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
At Counselling & CBT Kent we specialise in a form of CBT called ‘Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT) that takes a simple but very clever approach to mental wellbeing. Both types of therapy come under the ‘Cognitive Therapy’ umbrella, however we have a preference for REBT because we feel it’s more effective in the long term.
The basic premise of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT/REBT) is that it’s our unhealthy ‘beliefs’ or our interpretation of a situation, rather than the situation itself, that causes us emotional pain. These beliefs come from our life experiences, the understanding we have of ourselves, other people, and the world around us, which can become distorted. CBT helps by bringing awareness to these distorted thinking patterns.
CBT is not about trying to encourage you to ‘enjoy’ situations that you don’t happen to like, nor is it about expecting you to be happy if people behave in a way that you don’t necessarily agree with. It’s about helping you understand the importance of being logical and rational by looking at fact rather than interpretation. It’s also about learning to understand, that even we don’t like things we are still able to tolerate them. CBT is also about helping you become more accepting of yourself and other people.
So, if you’re thinking, feeling, or acting in a way that you don’t like, but don’t seem to be able to change, CBT helps you to identify and challenge the unhealthy beliefs that you hold in the face of that event, whilst at the same time helping you to identify and re-enforce a series of much more helpful and rational beliefs. Change your beliefs and you change the way you think, feel and act.
After all, it’s not possible to change what has happened to you, but it’s always possible to change what you tell yourself about it.
How effective is CBT?
Cognitive behavioural therapy is one of the most widely-used therapies and can be effective in the treatment of many emotional disorders such as generalised anxiety disorders, social anxiety, depression, stress, phobias, anger management, jealousy, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) mood swings, sexual and relationship problems and many other conditions.
Clinical trials have shown that CBT can reduce the symptoms of many emotional disorders. For some people it can work just as well as drug therapies at treating depression and anxiety disorders. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends CBT for a number of common mental health disorders.
In most cases, it takes a number of sessions before the therapy starts to make a difference, therefore a regular commitment is required to make the best use of the Cognitive Behavioral therapy.
CBT can help with:-
Anxiety. Depression. Anger Management. Low self-confidence/self-esteem. Panic Attacks. Phobias. Stress Management. Exam or test stress. Talking in Public. Social Phobia. Jealousy. Insomnia. Sexual and relationship problems.